eScience Humanity Journal <p>eScience Humanity Journal is a social and humanities journal that can be used by researchers both in educational and public institutions. This journal is published twice each year in November and May.</p> <p> </p> en-US (Ferri Yonantha) (Tomi Arianto) Fri, 25 Nov 2022 13:25:08 +0000 OJS 60 REQUEST TYPES OF CHARACTERS’ UTTERANCES WITHIN “TO ALL THE BOYS: ALWAYS AND FOREVER” MOVIE <p>The purpose of this descriptive qualitative research was to reveal request types in movie characters’ utterances. 2021 American teen rom-com movie entitled “To All the Boys: Always and Forever” was used as the data source. All data of this research were obtained from the movie characters' request utterances. Observational method and note-taking technique were used to do the data collection. Data were analyzed by using a pragmatic identity method and pragmatic competence-in equalizing technique. In revealing the types, theory of request types discovered by Tsui (1989) was applied. For the research result, five request types were found and those types appeared in 62 data. Specifically, request for action had 23 data, offer and invitation showed eight data for each type, propose was found to have 12 data, and request for permission got 11 data. The result also revealed that request for action was the most commonly conveyed type. This is considering the characters conveyed lots of request utterances to influence the hearers to get requested actions done for the speakers’ benefits.</p> Fanny Virginia, Ambalegin Ambalegin Copyright (c) 2022 eScience Humanity Journal Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 REPRESENTATION AND IMPACT OF SYMBOLIC VIOLENCE IN GOLDMAN’S “THE LION IN WINTER” STORY <p>Symbolic violence is a type of violence that is difficult to detect. However, this type of violence is really visible. It can be found in numerous forms and tactics throughout the entertain environment which is drama. Especially in “The Lion in Winter” drama. It is reflecfed the issue about the woman who had symbolic violence from her environment. Not only symbolic violence, the woman got gender inequality that continues to discredit her and patriarchal construction system that legitimizes gender inequality. Feminist approach applied to support the data in this research. This research used Bourdieu (1991) theory to analyze the representation of symbolic violence. Bourdieu used this notion to explain the mechanism by which the elite, or the ruling upper class, transmits their lifestyle to the ruling lower class. The method in this research applied in the descriptive qualitative method from Creswell (2009). To collect the data, this research used theory from Ratna (2004) which is regard to the actions and dialog performance. The story in the drama was studied using library research and a feminism perspective. The Result of the research showed that symbolic violence reflected from the main character who is becoming discrimination without relazing if she is in indoctrinate. The impacts of symbolic violence make the main character become betrayal, lying, disrespect, hatred speech, and insult.</p> Anastasia Juwita Ningsih, Tomi Arianto Copyright (c) 2022 eScience Humanity Journal Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS NOVEL LAYAR TERKEMBANG KARYA ST. TAKDIR ALISJAHBANA DALAM PENDEKATAN PSIKOLOGI KEPRIBADIAN <p>The problem to be discussed in this research is how the analysis of the novel Layar Terkembang by St. Alisjahbana's destiny in personality psychology approaches. Novels are works of fiction that reveal deeper aspects of humanity and are presented in a subtle way. Novel is defined as giving a firmer concentration of life, with romance which is defined as a broader design. Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that discusses and studies the nature and character of individuals as a unique personality that differs from one individual to another. The reason the researcher conducts research on the novel Layar Terkembang is because it tells the struggle of Indonesian women in terms of the id, ego, and superego. In this novel there is a psychological approach to the author's psychology and the content of the story in the novel, so that the reader feels more immersed in the novel Layar Terkembang. The purpose of this study is to describe the analysis of the novel Layar Terkembang by St. Alisjahbana's destiny in personality psychology approach. This type of research is a qualitative research using descriptive method. The data of this research are the quotations in the novel Layar Terkembang. In this study, the data source used by the researcher was the novel Layar Terkembang. From the research data findings, the researcher found 19 data. The psychology of literature on the personality of the character is about the id, there are 6 data, the ego has 7 data, and the superego has 6 data. The conclusion of the research on the literary psychology of the character's personality from all the characters in the main character and additional characters shows that the personality of the "ego" character is the most dominant.</p> Elan Halid Copyright (c) 2022 eScience Humanity Journal Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE ANALYSIS OF IMPOLITENESS UTTERANCES AS REFLECTED IN “THE WRONG STEPMOTHER" MOVIE <p>This study aimed to analyze the impoliteness utterance that reflected in literary work, especially in a movie. The data source used in this article is The Wrong Stepmother Movie. This research used the theory of Pragmatic related with impoliteness and Culpeper (2011). The method used in this research is Qualitative method. From the research analysis and finding it can be concluded. All strategies and types of impoliteness are found in “The Wrong Stepmother” movie. These are bald on record impoliteness, positive impoliteness, negative impoliteness, sarcasm, or mock politeness and last withhold politeness. From the findings, there were found strategies that often occurred which is positive impoliteness with the total 13 data or 39%, followed bald on record impoliteness with 7 data or 21%, sarcasm or mock politeness with 7 data or 21%, negative impoliteness with 4 data or 13%, and the last is withhold politeness least used with 2 data or 6%. The types of impoliteness found in this research were also found. These are affective impoliteness with 18 data or 58%, next coercive impoliteness with 7 data or 23%, and last is entertaining impoliteness with 6 data or 19%. The most dominant occurred in strategy impoliteness is positive impoliteness and in types of impoliteness is affective impoliteness.</p> Jojor Romanna Simanjuntak, Mhd. Johan Copyright (c) 2022 eScience Humanity Journal Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 SIGNIFICANT ONLINE LEARNING IN THE ERA OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMI <p><em>During the spread of the Covid-19 virus was sweeping the world, Indonesia was also affected, especially in the education sector. If usually the teaching and learning process is carried out face to face in the classroom, then as a result of this pandemic the teaching and learning process must be carried out online. The method used is direct observation in the field. The results of the analysis see that the role of information and communication system technology is very important as a medium in implementing online learning with a flexible learning system. This research is Emphasize on learning with the help of information and communication technology platforms. The media that can be used in online learning in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic include WhatsApp, Zoom, Google Classroom (GCR) and other technological media that can support learning activities during the Covid-19 pandemic. Because of the role of the media, this is what makes the writer interested in discussing further the shift from offline to online learning media.</em></p> Yustina Copyright (c) 2022 eScience Humanity Journal Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 THE USE OF FIGURE OF SPEECH IN GURINDAM 12 BY RAJA ALI HAJI: AN ANALYSIS OF ITS KIND AND FUNCTION <p>Gurindam is an old type of poetry consisting of two lines of content which usually contains satire and advice. One of the famous Gurindam in Malay culture of Riau Kepulauan is Gurindam 12 by Raja Ali Haji. The purpose of this study is to analyze the types of affirmative figure of speech used in Gurindam 12. This study used qualitative methods in reviewing the available data and provides a description of the resulting study. The form of this research is a literature review in the form of local wisdom where the research team examines Gurindam 12. The data is then analyzed by looking at the types (its kind) of figure of speech and the meanings (its function) contained in the Gurindam (Kosasih, 2011). From the study it is found that there are 18 data analyzed as affirmative figure of speech where 3 data is included as pleonasm, 6 data of repetition and 9 data of parallelism. The use of affirmative figure of speech in Gurindam 12 is because the contents of this poem are doctrinal teachings related to religion. The reason is that when Gurindam 12 was created, the majority of the Malay population in the Riau Archipelago was Muslim.</p> Zia Hisni Mubarak, Gaguk Rudianto Copyright (c) 2022 eScience Humanity Journal Fri, 25 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000